DRC is not on track to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in water and sanitation. The achievement of Goal 7 would require reaching 72% access to drinking water and 58% access to improved sanitation by 2015. Currently 47% of the population has access to safe drinking water (83% urban and 31% rural), while only 14% of the population has access to adequate sanitation facilities (36% urban and 4% rural) according to MICS 2010. Thus to meet the MDGs 17.5 million people in DRC would need to gain access to water and 30.8 million people must gain access to sanitation by 2015.
MAIN KEY STATISTICS
– 47 % of the total population has access to safe drinking water, and 14% access to improved sanitation (MICS 2010).
– In rural areas, water coverage is 31 %; rural improved sanitation 4% (MICS 2010).
– In addition, there are cholera epidemics in endemic cholera prone zone every year in the provinces of Katanga, Oriental, North and South Kivu. DRC is also facing outbreaks in non-endemic areas along the river Congo or cross border with Zambia/Congo Brazzaville. In August 2013, 21 264 cholera cases with 321 deaths have been reported in total and half of them came from Katanga Province and cross-border with Zambia (2014 HNO).
– 2.7 millions of IDP’s are facing challenges to meet their right to get access to safe water, improved sanitation and hygiene