VIDEO – In Kasai and Tanganyika, hundreds of thousands families have been displaced by violence. How to help them rebuild their lives?
The Alternative Response to Communities in Crisis (ARCC) innovates to better respond to the needs of displaced families, like Albertin’s and Felicien’s. Field report from our expert in Kasai Oriental and in Kalemie.
Thousands of families are displaced
Between July 2016 and February 2017, inter-communal conflicts led to the displacement of 120,000 people to the town of Kalemie in the province of Tanganyika. Meanwhile, clashes between a local militia and the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) forced more than 216,000 people to flee their villages in Kasai Oriental.
Now, some families displaced from Kasai have started returning thanks to the relative calm prevailing in their home villages. However, families from Tanganyga see no possibility of an imminent return.
Most families lost everything in the displacement and are currently living under difficult conditions.
In Kasai, Ani and Albertine share their story (French)
Evaluating needs to ensure an adequate response
In response to this humanitarian crisis, UNICEF and its partners Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and AVSI carried out, at the beginning of March 2017, an evaluation mission of the situation and registration of the displaced and returned populations. The aim was to identify a response adapted to the needs of families affected by the conflicts. Hence they covered the towns of Moni, Kalunga, Kankomba and Kalemie (Tanganyika) and Kabeya-Kamwanga in Kasai Oriental.
This mission is part of the Alternative Response for Communities in Crisis (ARCC) programme.
Kiabu and her family start a new life in Tanganyika
“The ARCC programme offers the flexibility to respond to the essential needs of vulnerable families, such as access to basic goods and services and livelihood diversification” said Magali Carpy Botoulou, UNICEF Head for the Southern Zone. “I take this opportunity to thank the donors who support this programme, especially the UK government (UKaid) and the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).”
In 2016, UNICEF provided multi-sectoral assistance to more than 200,000 displaced and returned people in DRC, through its ARCC programme.
Photos and videos: UNICEF DRC 2017 Gabriele Erba
Translated from French by Lisa Berthelot
Gabriele Erba est Monitoring Specialist et Coordonnateur du programme Alternative Responses for Communities in Crisis (ARCC) pour UNICEF à Goma. Economiste de formation, il a travaillé durant les sept derniers années entre Ouganda, Sud Soudan et la RDC des ONGs ainsi que pour les Nations Unies. Il milite pour une assistance digne qui puisse autonomiser les familles en leur garantissant la liberté de choix à travers les transfert monétaires. Parce que donner le droit aux plus vulnérables d'avoir le choix d’allouer leur assistance à la diversité de leurs besoins, c'est leur donner le droit à un avenir.