VULNERABLE CHILDREN AND ORPHANS
There were an estimated 8,237,000 orphans and vulnerable children under the age of 18. 90.8% of orphans and vulnerable children did not receive external support (DHS, 2007).
In case of orphans ranging from 10 to 14, school attendance rate was 63%; on the other hand, that of those who had both parents reached 85% (MICS, 2010).
CHILDREN LIVING ON THE STREETS
220,341 children under the age of 19 were living on streets in Kinshasa: boys (56%) and girls (44%) (REEJER, 2012).
42% of children from 5 to 14 years of age were involved in child labor in DRC: children in rural areas (46%) were more likely to be involved than those in urban areas (34%) (MICS, 2010).
The 2008 census administered by UNICEF and Save the Children, UK identified 43,800 children working in mines in the provinces of Katanga and Kasais.
Since 2009, 22,212 CAAFG (Children Affected by Armed Forces or Groups) have been assisted, including 3,960 girls (17.8%) and 18,252 boys (82.2%). Amongst them, 14,823 children have been reunited with their families and reintegrated into their communities of origin (ARS Database, 2013).
SITUATION OF WIDOWS
69.2 % of widows have been dispossessed of their property (DHS, 2007).
GENDER BASED VIOLENCES
7,848 survivors of GBV (Gender-Based Violence) have been identified. In the first half of 2013, 44 cases were reported every day; in other words, 2 cases took place per hour (UNFPA et Ministère du Genre de la Famille et de l’Enfant, 2013).
28% of children under the age of 5 were registered at birth (MICS, 2010).
Child Protection National Law was promulgated in January 2009.
Between 2011 and 2012, 11,452 children in conflict with the law and victims, including 2,036 girls have benefited from the improved justice system (Internal Review Report, 2012).