RAPID RESPONSE TO MOVEMENTS OF POPULATION (RRMP)
The RRMP is the largest response mechanism to humanitarian emergencies in the DRC after food aid. Since 2009, it aims to reduce morbidity and mortality in populations of humanitarian concern and provides basic means of survival to populations through multi-sectoral interventions: shelter / non-food items, water, sanitation and hygiene, emergency and health education. View RRMP for more information.
The Programme for Extended Assistance to Returnees Plus (PEAR+) is the UNICEF program of social recovery and peace building. It aims at the restoration of basic social services in health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH), education and protection, with a transverse component of conflict sensitivity and peace building through a packet of multi-sectoral services.
ALTERNATIVE RESPONSE FOR COMMUNITIES IN CRISES (ARCC I et II)
In 2010, funded by the British Department for International Development (DFID), UNICEF has launched a humanitarian and transition aid programme called ARCC. It was designed to explore innovative humanitarian aid tracks (other than traditional aid) to communities and provinces not covered by the RRMP. In partnership with several NGOs, UNICEF has launched a series of pilot projects to study monetary transfers and the use of coupons in local markets. The lessons learned from these experiences helped develop ARCC II (2012-2014) which aims to expand and promote these innovative concepts. Its aim is to highlight the importance of flexible humanitarian aid to strengthen the resilience of households affected by humanitarian crises by allowing them to meet their own needs and priorities. The cash transfers based approach will be applied to those who were long-term displaced, host communities and other vulnerable groups.
Clusters represent the main humanitarian coordination network in the DRC. They extend to national, provincial and sub-provincial levels. UNICEF is leading four clusters – essential household items (NFI) and shelter, education, nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) – as well as the Working Group on Child Protection, with a “Inter-cluster “or consultation framework internally coordinated by the Emergency section. The results of clusters led, among others, the use of coupons approach by more than 50% of the national NFI assistance.
In addition, the Education Cluster, under the lead of UNICEF encouraged the Ministry of Education to meet the needs of displaced children of the DRC and Rwanda through the organization of special final examinations for education displaced children in both the DRC and Rwanda.
Nutrition Cluster coordination resulted in a significant increase in the proportion of treated children suffering from severe malnutrition (4 times in 4 years). The WaSH Cluster responded to outbreaks of diarrhea and cholera by providing access to safe drinking water and sanitation to more than 2.7 million people affected in 2012.